What is the difference between sports karate and traditional karate?
Before you select a karate school, you need to make sure you know and understand which form of karate you’re enrolling in.
Basically, there are two different types of karate classes. I am not talking about all the different styles of karate and I am not including other martial arts in this grouping. I am talking about Japanese Karate. There are traditional karate and sports karate.
Both types involve learning fighting techniques, but they differ in many other aspects.
Traditional karate emphasizes self-development (budo), where as sports karate emphasizes exercise and competition.
There are some key differences between the two.
History and Origin
Traditional karate is the original karate.
It’s originated on Okinawa, prior to the island becoming part of Japan.
The original karate has its roots in ‘Tode’, a weaponless self-defence system. It was influenced by Chinese martial arts and has a history that’s over two thousand years old.
Sports Karate, on the other hand, descended from traditional karate. The techniques of this art are based on the stances, punches and kicks of Japanese karate, but were adapted to be more competitive.
Objective and Purpose
The objective behind traditional karate is self-defence. It is based on the concept of “todome waza” meaning the to deliver the last blow of the fight rendering the opponent unable to continue.
In traditional karate competitions, the point is awarded to the person that gets the finishing blow. The purpose of this fighting technique is to develop well-balanced mind and body through training.
Sports karate is more about scoring points.
The points are awarded to the fastest and the most precise hit on the target with a foot or fist, so there is no need for the finishing blow.
The purpose is to develop the fighting spirit and win the battle.
Dojo Set-up and Training Atmosphere
In traditional karate schools or Dojo, the training atmosphere is very basic.
Hardwood floors and little else in way of equipment. This is inspired by the conventional karate teachings found in Japanese dojos.
Sport karate classes are conducted in a modern set-up where mats replace hardwood floors. Matted floors are installed to provide a safer environment, especially for children. Big, wall-sized mirrors are placed to give a studio-like appearance.
While mats and mirrors are a staple in sports karate dojos, they are becoming more common in traditional dojos.
In a traditional karate competition, the weight and height of the opponent don’t matter. The aim is to unite the body’s power into a single blow (finishing blow). Age categories are used to seperate youth from adults and younger and mature adults seperated.
In a sport karate competition, there are weight categories established. With up to 8 different weight categories.
Traditional karate is a lifetime study and pursuit.
In this form of karate, one practices techniques repeatedly to perfect them. The techniques are crisp, showing power and control over the body. Consentration is focused on kata and adapting the techniques of the kata for fighting and self defense.
In sports karate, the techniques are more fluid and reactive, designed for in ring combat. Kata is usually ignored.
Sometimes, other techniques are also adapted to make the students learn the most effective way of self-defence.
Both traditional and sport karate are of value but differ on their origin, objective, set-up and techniques. To put it simply, traditional karate is an art, whereas sport karate is a sporting event.
Benefits of Karate Classes
Whether you practice the traditional or sport form, here are some benefits of karate classes that both children and adults can enjoy.
1. Full Body Exercise
2. Enhanced Mobility
3. Better Cardiovascular Health
4. Improved Reflexes and Coordination
5. Effective Weight Loss
6. Visible Muscle Toning
7. Heightened Confidence
8. Communication Skills
9. Discipline and Respect
No matter which type you chose be sure to investigate to learn all you can about the style and its rules.
Karate is beneficial to everyone just make sure the system you pick is right for you.
And now for my personal opinion. I know I am probably going to upset some people.
Traditional Karate is far superior if you are looking for self defense and self improvement.
Sports karate is too focused on scoring points and often leave the fighter vulnerable. Yes they are usually faster but for the most part their techniques are very flashy and I would consider many of the strikes weak.
If you have ever seen or been in a real fight, you will know that it is over in one or two hits.
A real fight is not like in movies. They never last very long. I have worked many years in the private security industry and have dealt with many fights. I have never seen one last more than a minute.
Traditional karate will prepare you more for a real fight than sports karate will.
But as I mentioned above, they both have their benefits. I just personally think sports karate is more for showmanship.
Please, I encourage comments on the video. If you disagree with me, I respect that.